The Federal Republic of Germany is made up of 16 federal states, the Länder.

Most of the federal states are fairly large in terms of their surface area. However, Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen are categorised as city-states, as these are cities that simultaneously have federal state status.

Close window Baden-Württemberg
Wappen des Landes Baden-Württemberg

Baden-Württemberg

Capital
Stuttgart
Surface area:
35,751 km²
Population:
10.88 million
Close window The Free State of Bavaria
Wappen des Landes The Free State of Bavaria

The Free State of Bavaria

Capital
Munich
Surface area:
70,550 km²
Population:
12.84 million
Close window Berlin
Wappen des Landes Berlin

Berlin

Capital
Berlin
Surface area:
892 km²
Population:
3.52 million
Close window Brandenburg
Wappen des Landes Brandenburg

Brandenburg

Capital
Potsdam
Surface area:
29,484 km²
Population:
2.48 million
Close window The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen
Wappen des Landes The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen

The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen

Capital
Bremen
Surface area:
419 km²
Population:
0.67 million
Close window The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Wappen des Landes The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

The Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg

Capital
Hamburg
Surface area:
755 km²
Population:
1.78 million
Close window Hesse
Wappen des Landes Hesse

Hesse

Capital
Wiesbaden
Surface area:
21,115 km²
Population:
6.17 million
Close window Mecklenburg- Vorpommern
Wappen des Landes Mecklenburg- Vorpommern

Mecklenburg-
Vorpommern

Capital
Schwerin
Surface area:
23,212 km²
Population:
1.61 million
Close window Lower Saxony
Wappen des Landes Lower Saxony

Lower Saxony

Capital
Hannover
Surface area:
47,614 km²
Population:
7.92 million
Close window North Rhine-Westphalia
Wappen des Landes North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia

Capital
Düsseldorf
Surface area:
34,110 km²
Population:
17.86 million
Close window Rhineland-Palatinate
Wappen des Landes Rhineland-Palatinate

Rhineland-Palatinate

Capital
Mainz
Surface area:
19,854 km²
Population:
4.05 million
Close window Saarland
Wappen des Landes Saarland

Saarland

Capital
Saarbrücken
Surface area:
2,569 km²
Population:
0.99 million
Close window The Free State of Saxony
Wappen des Landes The Free State of Saxony

The Free State of Saxony

Capital
Dresden
Surface area:
18,420 km²
Population:
4.08 million
Close window Saxony-Anhalt
Wappen des Landes Saxony-Anhalt

Saxony-Anhalt

Capital
Magdeburg
Surface area:
20,452 km²
Population:
2.24 million
Close window Schleswig-Holstein
Wappen des Landes Schleswig-Holstein

Schleswig-Holstein

Capital
Kiel
Surface area:
15,800 km²
Population:
2.85 million
Close window The Free State of Thuringia
Wappen des Landes The Free State of Thuringia

The Free State of Thuringia

Capital
Erfurt
Surface area:
16,173 km²
Population:
2.17 million
Deutschland Berlin Bremen Bremen Lower Saxony Brandenburg Rhineland-Palatinate Hesse Saarland Thuringia Baden-Württemberg Bavaria Saxony Saxony-Anhalt Hamburg Schleswig-Holstein Mecklenburg-Vorpommern North Rhine-Westphalia

Glossary